that starts from the pigment-producing cells of the body, called melanocytes. Often, Melanoma starts on the skin with a mole but in rarer occasions, it can also start in the eye, on hand and feet or on any inner surface of the body. When Melanoma is discovered at a stage when it has spread, it can become impossible to identify the place where it has started.
Discovered early, Melanomas can be removed by surgery and patients have a very high chance of being cured. Once spread, it is sometimes called Malignant Melanoma (although Melanoma is always cancer, so it is always malignant). Without new medicines, patients will on average only survive 6-9 months after diagnosis.
(2) SEER, NCI
A very complete ASCO guide to Melanoma written for patients and particularly interesting for patients with metastatic Melanoma as it covers the latest therapy options thoroughly.
Sections are regularly reviewed and approved by theCancer.Net Editorial Board, mostly 9/2013.
Melanoma Patient Network Europe
Surviving Melanoma in Europe.
Access to prevention, early detection and effective treatment for all.
Last update 17th October 2018 BR
(3) Forsea et al., 2012.Melanoma incidence and mortality in Europe: new estimates, persistent disparities. Br J Dermatol. 2012 Nov;167(5)
(5) National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2010), NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology(TM) - melanoma. V.2.2010.
(6) Globocan 2012