Last update 12th August 2017 BR
that starts from the pigment-producing cells of the body, called melanocytes. Often, Melanoma starts on the skin with a mole but in rarer occasions, it can also start in the eye, on hand and feet or on any inner surface of the body. When Melanoma is discovered at a stage when it has spread, it can become impossible to identify the place where it has started.
Discovered early, Melanomas can be surgically removed and patients have a very high chance of being cured. Once spread, it is sometimes called Malignant Melanoma (although Melanoma is always cancer, so always malignant). Without new medicines, the prognosis is poor, with a survival of 6-9 months after diagnosis.
(2) SEER, NCI
Surviving Melanoma in Europe.
Access to prevention, early detection and effective treatment for all.
Melanoma Patient Network Europe
A very complete ASCO guide to Melanoma written for patients and particularly interesting for patients with metastatic Melanoma as it covers the latest therapy options thoroughly.
Sections are regularly reviewed and approved by theCancer.Net Editorial Board, mostly 9/2013.
(3) Forsea et al., 2012.Melanoma incidence and mortality in Europe: new estimates, persistent disparities. Br J Dermatol. 2012 Nov;167(5)
(5) National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2010), NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology(TM) - melanoma. V.2.2010.
(6) Globocan 2012
of the American Society of Clinical Oncology